Compaction and Sintering
The subtopic concerns the Press & Sinter process, for any material, from ferrous to non-ferrous, hardmetals, diamond tools, metal-ceramic composites and ceramics. As a non-exhaustive list, abstracts in this category may refer to powder pressing (die filling, fundamentals, modelling, lubricants, die wall lubrication, new powder compaction concepts, pressing of complex geometry parts, warm compacting) , other shaping methods based on pressing (advances in press technology, alternative shaping technologies, unilateral pressing, powder forging), and sintering (atmospheres and atmosphere controls, dimensional control, fundamentals, modelling, induction sintering, infiltration, microwave sintering, new furnace concepts, reactive sintering and Self Propagating High temperature Sintering, or SHS, sinter hardening).
MIM (Metal Injection Moulding), and more generally PIM (Powder Injection Moulding) as a process is comprising several process steps and is effective on a variety of materials for a very wide spectrum of applications. Thus, papers in this subtopic can include subjects like feedstock development, preparation and characterisation, mould design and fabrication, injection moulding theory, practice and characterisation, debinding theory, practice and characterisation, sintering theory, practice and characterisation, new PIM processes, PIM post processing, PIM economic considerations.
Hot Isostatic Pressing for the production of complex and highly specified components made from a wide range of metals and/or ceramics. A post process in Additive Manufacturing to densify, eliminate porosities and improve strength. HIP components are currently being used in a number of industry sectors that have highly demanding environments for example: aerospace, offshore, energy and medical.
Field Assisted Sintering Technologies
These technologies include a range of special techniques that are capable of consolidating powder bodies in non-conventional way, using plasma- or current-enhanced sintering kinetics, normally in combination with applied uniaxial pressure, like spark plasma sintering, capacitor discharge sintering, and others.
AM beam based technologies
Laser Powder Bed Fusion (LPBF) and Electron beam welding (EBM) for various metal powders including multi-materials. CAD & Simulation Methods, Post processes of support structure removal.
AM sinter based technologies
Binder Jetting, Material Jetting, Screen Printing for metals / ceramics. CAD & Simulation Methods, Post processes of debinding and sintering.
Other consolidation technologies
in this category are included all other powder shaping technologies that have not been listed in the previous topics. for example, powder extrusion, tape casting, gel casting, spray forming, powder coatings, etcetera.